تأثیر مداخله داستان‌های اجتماعی بر بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان پسر اتیستیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر مداخله داستان‌های اجتماعی بر مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان پسر اتیستیک انجام شد. روش پژوهش شبه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- و پس‌آزمون با گروه در لیست انتظار بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش همه دانش‌آموزان پسر 6 - 12 ساله اتیستیک شهر شیراز در سال تحصیلی 92-91 بودند که از میان آن‌ها نمونه‌ای به حجم 30 نفر به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در گروه آزمایش و در لیست انتظار گمارده شدند، به طوری که هر گروه 15 نفر بود. از هر دو گروه پیش‌آزمون به عمل آمد و گروه آزمایش آموزش داستان‌های اجتماعی را در 16 جلسه دریافت کردند، در حالی‌که به گروه در لیست انتظار این آموزش ارائه نشد و در پایان برای هر دو گروه پس آزمون اجرا شد. برای سنجش مهارت‌های اجتماعی از پرسش‌نامه سنجش مهارت‌های اجتماعی استونی و همکاران(2010) استفاده شد. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل کواریانس نشان داد که میانگین نمرات مهارت-های اجتماعی و خرده‌مقیاس‌های آن(توانایی درک هیجانات و دیدگاه‌های دیگران، توانایی شروع تعامل با دیگران و‌ توانایی حفظ تعامل با دیگران) در گروه آزمایش به طور معنا‌داری افزایش یافته است(01/0>P). یافته‌ها بیان‌کننده تأثیر مداخله داستان‌های اجتماعی بر بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان پسر اتیستیک بود. بنابراین، پیشنهاد می‌شود با طراحی و اجرای مداخله داستان‌های اجتماعی برای بهبود مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان اتیستیک اقدام شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Social Stories Intervention on the Social Skills of Male Students with autism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ghorban Hemati Alamdarloo
  • Fatemeh Golzari
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of social story intervention on the social skills of male students suffering from autism. The study’s procedure was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest design With a control group. The participants included 30 male students with autistic disorder in Shiraz in the academic year of 2012- 2013 who were selected by in available sampling method and assigned into experimental and control groups, randomly; hence, each group consists of 15 students. Both groups were undergone a post-test. The experimental group received Social story training in 16 sessions while control group did not. After the intervention period for experimental group the post-test was administered for both groups. The Stone's and et al (2010) social skills assessment questionnaire was employed to assess the social skills. The data analyses by ANCOVA showed that there was a significant increase in the mean scores of social skills and subscales (understanding/perspective taking, initiating interactions and maintaining interactions) in experimental group (P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Story intervention
  • Social Skills
  • Autistic

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