عنوان مقاله [English]
Learning process cannot be done without concentrating and paying attention and one of interesting ways to attract and concentrating is using rhythmic and melodic music. The main aim of the present research was to investigate the effectiveness of hearing (rhythmic and melodic) music on the visual and auditory paying attention and concentrating of the pre-school children which was conducted by the researcher. In this research, the population under study consisted of pre-school children of non-beneficiary girls' schools in district 2 of Tehran city in academic year of 2010-11. Two 15- pupil classes; one as experimental group, and the other as control group, were randomly selected in a cluster method. The research design was a quasi experimental one in which a pre-test and a post-test were used along with a control group. The design was has consisted of two testable groups each of which has been measured twice. The instruments were: test of Toulouse-Peron's and auditory attention test. The results showed that, with 95% extent of certainty, it can be said that the difference observed between mean scores of post-tests of both experimental and control groups were significant. The influence of music hearing on the increasing visual attention of pre-school children was approved. In addition, the comparison between means scores of post-test showed that experimental group had received higher scores than control group.